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The foot is a very complex system consisting of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments and 19 muscles. One quarter of all the bones in the human body are located in the feet.
A baby's foot is not merely a smaller version of an adult's foot. At birth the foot contains 26 partially developed bones (made of cartilage) making them pliable and therefore at risk to injury.
Baby feet grow quickly during the first year, perhaps going through three or four sizes. Feet should be measured monthly the first year, every two months between the ages of 12 months and 24 months, and every 3 months from 24 to 36 months.
Baby feet exert a lot of energy, especially when standing and balancing. This causes the feet to get hot. Baby feet can sweat twice the amount of adult feet (up to half a pint of moisture can be produced each day), so shoes made of natural, breathable materials are crucial.
Many children's shoes are too small, but unfortuntely the children wearing them can't or don't tell us. Be sure to have ¼" to ½" from the longest toe to the shoe (when standing) when purchasing shoes. Also make sure they have sufficient width.